NTU Special Topics in Microbiology


December 3-12, 2013


The Biochemistry and Ethics Behind Current Biofuels


Lecture, 6:30PM – 8:30PM


Dr. Tim Devarenne

Department of Biochemistry & Biophysics

Texas A&M University

email: tpd8@tamu.edu


Syllabus




Date

Topic

Main Paper

Supplemental Papers

December 3


Introduction

&

Biofuels, what is the hype all about?


Class Introduction


Biofuels Introduction


December 4


1. Climate change and greenhouse gasses, is there a connection?


IPCC Analysis

Climate Change Review


2. 1st generation biofuels: EtOH from sugar crops.


Grain ethanol produciton

Ethanol production from sugar sources

December 5


1. 1st generation biofuels: Biodiesel from oil crops.


Plant Triglycerides

The Transesterification Process

Paper #1

Paper #2

Paper #3


Biofuel Efficiency Analysis

Paper #1

Paper #2


2. 2nd generation biofuels: EtOH from cellulosic material (biomass) and the problem of lignin.


Cellulosic ethanol overview











Lignin engineering


Cellulosic EtOH:

Cellulosic ethanol #1


Cellulosic ethanol #2


Alternative biomass sources


Microbial conversion of cellulosic sugars to EtOH


Biomass Feedstocks


Biomass EtOH Perspective


Transportation of Biomass


Lignin Reduction

Lignin reduction

December 6


3rd generation biofuels: Use of algae oils fro biofuels


Algae Biodiesel

1. Aquatic phototrophs


2. Algae triglycerides


3. Algal Biofuels Perspective


4. Use of Algae for Biofuel Review


5. Constraints to commercialization of algal fuels


6. Algal Biofuel Production and Environmental Impacts


7. Algal Biofuel Versatility


8. Hot water extraction of Algal Biomass


9. Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the USA

December 9

1. 3rd generation of biofuels: Use of algae oils for biofuels.

Use same papers as for December 6

Use same papers as for December 6

2. Use of cyanobacteria for biofuel production



December 10

4th generation biofuels: Genetic engineering of organisms for biofuel production

Engineering corn for better biofuel yield

Plant cell wall engineering

December 11


1. Land and Water issues for biofuel production


Increased GHG emision from land use








Water footprints of crops

Land Use:

Land clearing and carbon debt


Emissions based on land use changes


Carbon Emission Baseline from Deforestation


United Nations Environmental Program Biofuels Analysis of Land Use


Water Issues:

water use perspective

..and water quality

and

Corn use and water N….

and….


Corn use and N and P runoff


United Nations Environmental Program Biofuels Analysis of Water Use

2. Food supply/cost issues behind biofuel production

LECG analysis on domestic (U.S.) food prices

Feed stock analysis


EtOH effects on world food prices


United Nations Environmental Program Biofuels Analysis of Food Issues

3. Ethanol production in Brazil; environmental and ethical issues

Brazil biofuel industry

Enivronmental and social implications

Paper #1

Paper #2

4. Positive impacts of biofuel production

Overseas Development Institute analysis

Social biofuels issues in India


December 12


International greenhouse gas treaties: The Kyoto Protocol, Yesterday and Today.


Kyoto Protocol facts

Kyoto Protocol


Kyoto economic analysis


Japan Pulls out of Kyoto, 2010


Canada Pulls out of Kyoto, 2011


Russia Pulls out of Kyoto, 2012